How to Grow Cucumbers in the Midwest


Cucumbers are a delicious and versatile vegetable that can be enjoyed in many different ways. They are also relatively easy to grow in the Midwest, as long as you follow a few simple tips.

When to Plant

Cucumbers are a warm-season crop, so it is important to wait until the soil has warmed up before planting. In the Midwest, this is usually around two weeks after the last frost date. You can also start cucumbers indoors a few weeks before the last frost date, and then transplant them outdoors once the weather warms up.

Where to Plant

Cucumbers need full sun and well-drained soil. They also prefer a slightly acidic soil, with a pH of 6.0 to 6.5. If your soil is not acidic, you can add some peat moss or compost to it before planting.

How to Plant

Cucumbers can be planted directly in the ground or in containers. If you are planting them in the ground, space the seeds or seedlings 1 to 2 feet apart. If you are planting them in containers, use a pot that is at least 12 inches in diameter.

Watering and Fertilizing

Cucumbers need regular watering, especially during hot, dry weather. Water the plants deeply, so that the water reaches the roots. You should also fertilize the plants every few weeks with a balanced fertilizer.

Pests and Diseases

Cucumbers are susceptible to a few pests and diseases, including cucumber beetles, powdery mildew, and anthracnose. You can control pests by using insecticidal soap or neem oil. You can prevent diseases by planting resistant varieties and by watering the plants at the base.


Cucumbers are ready to harvest when they are about 6 to 8 inches long. The best time to harvest is in the morning, when the cucumbers are cool and crisp. To harvest, simply cut the cucumber from the vine.

With a little care and attention, you can easily grow cucumbers in the Midwest. Just follow these tips, and you will be enjoying fresh, homegrown cucumbers in no time.

Here are some additional tips for growing cucumbers in the Midwest:

  • Use black plastic mulch to warm the soil and suppress weeds.
  • Train the vines on a trellis or fence to keep them off the ground and prevent diseases.
  • Harvest cucumbers regularly to encourage more production.
  • Be sure to water the plants during hot, dry weather.

With a little care, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of cucumbers from your garden all summer long.